Cognitive / perceptual skills training

Cognitive Perceptual Skills Occupational Therapy, Cognitive Skills Training For Adults, Cognitive Skills Exercises, Cognitive Skills

Cognitive/perceptual skills training :

Specific alterations in Cognitive Skills, such as attention processing, memory, and visuospatial and executive abilities, are frequently connected with aging. Several other studies have discovered that impairment in interventions of acquisition, delayed recall, auditory processing, face-name pairings, naming, visuospatial memory tasks, and attention deficits significantly predicted conversion to Alzheimer's disease or AD in older people with cognitive declines, such as Mild Cognitive Impairment or MCI. However, cognitive decline is not inextricably related to aging. In the scientific literature on aging, it has been claimed that certain lost cognitive capabilities can be regained, particularly in old people with cognitive deterioration, such as MCI and dementia. As a result, several writers asserted that understanding normal and pathological variations in cognition in the old is critical for discovering strategies to improve cognition in the aged. Considering the increased risk of significant cognitive illnesses in the elderly, it is critical to identify techniques and potential therapies for avoiding cognitive impairment and also the development from moderate cognitive declines to dementia.

For a variety of reasons, Cognitive Training is regarded as a successful nonpharmacological treatment. This treatment has been much more popular in recent years because it has lower risks and contraindications than pharmacological methods and is favored by the elderly. Significantly, numerous research has shown that cognitive rehabilitation and enrichment training have an effect on AD, as well as a good effect on persons with MCI and those without the cognitive disorder. Moreover, research has shown that particular cognitive training in the elderly is linked to improvements in neurophysiological and neuropsychological features. Thus, certain cognitive activities have a favorable influence on stress, well-being, and emotional status for both people with dementia and those without the cognitive disorder.

Cognitive/perceptual skills training

Materials and Procedures

This study was authorized by the Institutional Ethical Committee number SC/12/301. The sampling and administration techniques followed the national, ethical, and regulatory criteria for this type of study. Presentations to prospective respondents and their careers were used to recruit them. The study's aims were presented in full, and if qualified, respondents completed an informed consent form stating their confidentiality, rights, and ability to discontinue the assessment phase at any time.

Comprehensive training intervention

The intervention's major goal was to enhance various cognitive functions in order to stimulate and inspire patients to improve their cognitive health habits by keeping cognitively engaged and correcting for weaknesses by employing taught mnemonic techniques after training. With each group, a method that integrated cognitive training concentrating on lifestyle changes with monitoring of psycho-social and physiological statuses was adopted. As a result, distinct comprehensive training approaches were used for several groups of participants based on their cognitive condition.

Each group did not receive similar training since each strategy was appropriate for the specific cognitive condition. Generally, the intervention covered factors such as education on healthy living methods and nutrition to preserve cognitive reserves, participation in leisure activities, and socializing, in addition to cognitive augmentation or stimulation. This intervention, which comprised restorative and compensatory measures as well as lifestyle and psychological support recommendations, was utilized for patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment or MCI and mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease, utilizing a personalized approach to set individual objectives and practice tactics.

Intervention effects on emotional state and perceived stress.

While certain results were noticed, the intervention had no meaningful impacts on these results. Likewise, the CG of HE showed a significant rise in Geriatric Depression Scale or GDS p = 0.001 and Felt Stress Scale PSS scores p = 0.050, showing a deterioration of mood state and state anxiety, but the EG did not. EG, on the other hand, yielded the opposite outcome p = 0.019. We found a significant rise in GDS scores p = 0.031 in the AD CG towards the depression cut-off level i.e., a score of 10. The EG did not show this outcome.

At TheraCure, our Scope of Physiotherapy includes

  • Muscle strength and muscle length evaluation & quantification
  • Recommending remedial exercises
  • Physical treatment by electrotherapy modalities like diathermy, ultrasonic therapy, contrast bath, cryotherapy, hydrocollator, trans-electric muscle stimulation, also different therapeutic exercises by machines
  • Applying manual therapy, mobilization, manipulation of soft tissue techniques etc.
  • Myo-fascial release massage to lengthen tight/ contracted tissues.
  • Make an exercise folder for the client to take home.
  • Aid in-home evaluation to make the environment barrier-free and accessible.
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