Instrument Assisted Massage In PT, Myofascial Stretching, Myofascial Therapist
IASTM or Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization is a skilled Myofascial technique used to treat soft tissues. It is based on cross-friction massage techniques. Instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization, or IASTM is one style of massage that physio therapists frequently use. It is applied with stainless steel implements with bevelled edges and curves that can fit to varied body anatomical positions and enable for deeper penetration. It is utilized to identify and cure soft-tissue issues. IASTM is defined as a skillful intervention that incorporates the use of specialized tools to manipulate the skin, myofascia, muscles, and tendons through various direct compression stroke methods.
Massage and myofascial tissue release are two such treatments. The Graston technique, commonly recognized as instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization, is a specialized myofascial releasing and massage technique utilized throughout physiotherapy procedures. This is a recent therapy that combines the use of metal or plastic devices to increase soft tissue mobility in your body. These ergonomically formed tools assist your physical therapist in massaging and mobilizing your muscles, fascia i.e. the collagen that covers your muscles, and tendons. This is considered to alleviate pain and enhance mobility.
IASTM was established many years ago, ostensibly by athletes for athletes. It has since gained popularity and is utilized by massage therapists, chiropractors, and physical therapists to treat patients with myofascial limitations that cause discomfort and impede movement. IASTM is utilized for a wide range of individuals, not just athletes, with a variety of diseases. IASTM can be performed using a variety of tools by physical therapists. Many of these resemble ancient torture devices, with blades, scrapers, and sharp, pointy objects.
How does this IASTM Work?
Instruments break down fascial constraints and scar tissue effectively. Because of the ergonomic design of these tools, the clinician is able to find tissue restrictions and treat the problem area with the proper amount of pressure.
When a Physiotherapist uses IASTM Tools during the therapy, the first thing they look for is areas of fascial and muscle length limitations. When the tool is passed over the skin, a crumbly feeling is experienced. Once constraints in the fascia have been identified, the therapist focuses on scraping it with the IASTM tool. Gua sha, a Chinese therapeutic method, is considered to have inspired the approach. Gua sha scrapes the skin with smoothed-edge instruments till red blotches emerge. Gua sha, on the other hand, has a different reasoning, goals, and treatment technique than IASTM. Scraping the tissues is thought to develop microtrauma to the damaged tissues, re-starting your body's natural inflammatory reaction. This sets off a chain of events that includes the reabsorption of excess scar tissue and the fibrosis that is causing the limitation. Scar tissue adhesions can then be stretched to enhance general pain-free movement.